Loss of control Accident Let L-410UVP-E20 9N-AMH, Sunday 14 April 2019
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Date:Sunday 14 April 2019
Type:Silhouette image of generic L410 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Let L-410UVP-E20
Owner/operator:Summit Air
Registration: 9N-AMH
MSN: 2914
Year of manufacture:2013
Total airframe hrs:4426 hours
Cycles:5464 flights
Engine model:General Electric H80-200
Fatalities:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 3
Other fatalities:2
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA) -   Nepal
Phase: Take off
Departure airport:Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA/VNLK)
Destination airport:Ramechhap Airport (RHP/VNRC)
Investigating agency: Nepal AAIC
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
A Summit Air Let L-410UVP-E20 Turbolet impacted a Manang Air Eurocopter AS 350B3e helicopter (9N-ALC) during a takeoff attempt at Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport in Nepal. The aircraft and helicopter were destroyed. One helicopter (Shree Airlines Eurocopter AS 350, 9N-ALK) sustained minor damage.
The copilot of the Summit Air plane sustained fatal injuries. Two persons on the ground at the helipad also died in the accident.
The L-410 was repositioning to Ramechhap after flying passengers and cargo to Lukla. The captain taxied the aircraft to threshold of runway 24 and handed over control to the co-pilot. Within 3 seconds of the takeoff roll the aircraft veered to the right and exited the runway, travelling about 43 ft across the grassy part on right side of runway 24, before striking the airport inner perimeter fence. It then continued to skid for about 43 ft, and hit two persons before it crashed into the upper helipad. It struck the turning rotor blades of 9N-ALC. The moving rotors cut through the cockpit and the helicopter toppled onto the lower helipad 6 ft below.
The left-hand wing of the aircraft broke the skid of another helicopter, 9N-ALK, and came to a halt with 9N-ALC beneath its right-hand main wheel assembly

Lukla Airport is located on a mountain at an elevation of 9334 feet (2845 m). The runway is 1729 ft long (527 m) with an 11.7% gradient. Takeoffs must be performed from the downsloping runway 24. The helipad is located to the right of the runway, about 100 meters past the threshold.

Probable Cause
The commission concluded that the probable cause of the accident was aircraft's veering towards right during initial take-off roll as a result of asymmetric power due to abrupt shifting of right power lever rearwards and failure to abort the takeoff by crew. There were not enough evidences to determine the exact reason for abrupt shifting of the power lever.
Contributing Factors
1. Failure of the PF(being a less experienced co-pilot) to immediately assess and act upon the abrupt shifting of the right power lever resulted in aircraft veering to the right causing certain time lapse for PIC to take controls in order to initiate correction.
2. PIC's attempted corrections of adding power could not correct the veering. Subsequently, application of brakes resulted in asymmetric braking due to the position of the pedals, and further contributed veering towards right.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: Nepal AAIC
Report number: AAIR-076/1
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 9 months
Download report: Final report


Kathmandu Post



photo (c) Nepal AAIC; Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA/VNLK); 14 April 2019

photo (c) Nepal AAIC; Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA/VNLK); 14 April 2019

photo (c) Nepal AAIC; Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA/VNLK); 14 April 2019

photo (c) David Russell; Kathmandu-Tribhuvan Airport (KTM/VNKT); 14 October 2018

photo (c) Oleg Belaychuk; Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA/VNLK); 05 November 2018

photo (c) Oleg Belaychuk; Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA/VNLK); 05 November 2018

Revision history:


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