Accident McDonnell Douglas MD-11F N277UP, Monday 6 June 2016
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Date:Monday 6 June 2016
Type:Silhouette image of generic MD11 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
Owner/operator:United Parcel Service - UPS
Registration: N277UP
MSN: 48578/588
Year of manufacture:1995
Total airframe hrs:63195 hours
Cycles:11344 flights
Engine model:Pratt & Whitney PW4460
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial, written off
Location:Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN) -   South Korea
Phase: Take off
Departure airport:Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN/RKSI)
Destination airport:Anchorage-Ted Stevens International Airport, AK (ANC/PANC)
Investigating agency: ARAIB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
UPS flight 5X61 suffered a runway excursion and nose gear collapse in a takeoff accident at Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN). The aircraft, an McDonnell Douglas MD-11F cargo plane was bound for Anchorage, Alaska.
The aircraft's takeoff weight was 629,600 lbs, which was below the maximum allowable take-off weight of 630,500 lbs. The flight was cleared for takeoff from runway 33L. The aircraft reached V1 speed after a ground run of 6413 feet. About that time the crew heard a noise, originating from the failure of the no.9 tire (the left-hand tire on the central landing gear). The no.10 tire on the same landing gear also ruptured. Vibration and torsion forces then caused the lower drag brace of the central landing gear to break. The drag brace then hit the body several times. This caused a rupture of the hydraulic system of brake system 1, reducing the total brake efficiency to about 48% as the crew rejected the takeoff. With 4,635 feet of runway remaining the aircraft began to decelerate.
The aircraft required a deceleration distance of at least about 5,550ft from the position where the takeoff was rejected. As a result, the MD-11 stopped at approximately 1,591 ft (485 m) past the end of the runway 33L. The nose gear collapsed and the no. 1 and 3 engines contacted the grass.

The ARAIB investigators noted that there is an inherent difficulty in determining the flight performance of an aircraft after V1 when limited information and little time is available to the crew for a go/no-go decision.
The UPS flight operations manual states that after V1, rejecting takeoff is not recommended unless the captain judges that aircraft can not fly, but the manual does not establish a definition of 'non-flying'. ARAIB notes that it would be beneficial for the aviation industry to provide flight crews with definitions of 'non-flightability' and additional guidance and training as to how to judge aircraft flight performance under certain circumstances, especially after V1.

CAUSE (translated from Korean):
After the take-off determination speed (V1), the high-speed takeoff abandonment is performed by the tire of the central landing gear and the drag brace defect, and the runway is separated.
Contributing factor is "
(1) For limited time and available information on the encountered situation,
(2) Dynamic instability of dragging of central landing gear after tire failure.
(3) Decrease in braking performance due to rupture of hydraulic pipe of brake system 1 ".


13:30 UTC / 22:30 local time:
RKSI 061330Z 36001KT 9000 SCT040 BKN120 19/14 Q1012 NOSIG

14:00 UTC / 23:00 local time:
RKSI 061400Z 36002KT 9000 SCT040 BKN120 20/14 Q1012 NOSIG

14:30 UTC / 23:30 local time:
RKSI 061430Z 28003KT 250V320 9000 SCT040 BKN120 20/14 Q1012 NOSIG

15:00 UTC / 00:00 local time:
RKSI 061500Z 12002KT 8000 SCT040 BKN120 20/14 Q1012 NOSIG

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: ARAIB
Report number: ARAIB/AAR1606
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years
Download report: Final report


Korea Times



photo (c) ARAIB; Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN); June 2016

photo (c) ARAIB; Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN); June 2016

photo (c) ARAIB; Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN); June 2016

photo (c) ARAIB; Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN); June 2016

photo (c) ARAIB; Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN); 06 June 2016

photo (c) ARAIB; Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN); 06 June 2016

photo (c) Konstantin Von Wedelstaedt; Dubai Airport (DXB/OMDB); 24 October 2008

Revision history:


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