Accident Airbus A321-231 N564UW, Saturday 15 August 2015
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Date:Saturday 15 August 2015
Time:18:34
Type:Silhouette image of generic A321 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Airbus A321-231
Owner/operator:American Airlines
Registration: N564UW
MSN: 5374
Year of manufacture:2012
Engine model:IAE V2533-A5
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 159
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial, repaired
Category:Accident
Location:Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC (CLT) -   United States of America
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL)
Destination airport:Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC (CLT/KCLT)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
An Airbus A321 operated by American Airlines as flight 1851 suffered a landing accident at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC (CLT).
The flight was descending for landing on runway 36L at CLT with full flaps while passing through scattered rain cells. ATC had informed the flight of a windshear advisory about 12 minutes prior to the landing attempt and of a windshear alert, indicating a pilot report of a 20 knot loss of airspeed on approach, about 1.5 minutes prior to the landing attempt. The captain did not reference the available windshear guidance in the quick reference handbook, which recommended landing with Flaps 3 and increasing the approach speed by 15 knots, and approached with Full flaps and no speed increment. The flight encountered a small microburst on short final about 7 seconds prior to the landing attempt characterized by wind shift from a headwind to a tailwind and back to a headwind. The captain began a go-around after receiving an aural windshear alert/warning from the airplane systems, however, the airplane lost speed and lift and landed hard on the runway suffering a tail strike before they were able to climb.
The crew was vectored for a landing on runway 36C following the event and landed without further incident.

Probable cause: "An encounter with a small microburst on short final at low altitude that resulted in a loss of lift and a tail strike during the go-around. Contributing to the accident was the captain's decision to continue the approach without applying appropriate windshear precautions in accordance with published guidance."

METAR:

21:52 UTC / 17:52 local time:
METAR KCLT 152152Z 00000KT 10SM SCT060TCU SCT250 32/16 A3010 RMK AO2 SLP184 TCU NE AND NW T03220156

22:52 UTC / 18:52 local time:
METAR KCLT 152252Z 18007KT 10SM -RA SCT065TCU BKN100 BKN250 28/16 A3010 RMK AO2 RAB11 SLP184 TCU NE AND SW-NW P0015 T02830161
Wind 180 degrees at 7 knots; Visibility 10+miles; light rain; Scattered towering cumulus at 6500 ft; Broken clouds at 10000 feet; Broken clouds at 25000 feet; Temperature 28°C; Dew Point 16°C

23:04 UTC / 19:04 local time:
SPECI KCLT 152304Z 18005KT 10SM TS SCT065CB BKN110 BKN250 27/18 A3010 RMK AO2 TSB03RAE04 OCNL LTGICCG TS S STNRY P0000
Wind 180 degrees at 5 knots; Visibility 10+miles; thunderstorm; Scattered cumulonimbus clouds at 6500 ft; Broken clouds at 11000 feet; Broken clouds at 25000 feet; Temperature 27°C; Dew Point 18°C

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: NTSB
Report number: DCA15LA173
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 4 years and 9 months
Download report: Final report

Sources:

CVR transcript
NTSB
Flightaware
Flightradar24

History of this aircraft

Other occurrences involving this aircraft

30 September 2017 N982VJ American Airlines 0 Washington-Ronald Reagan National Airport, DC (DCA) sub

Location

Images:


photo (c) NTSB; Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC (CLT); August 2015


photo (c) NTSB; Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC (CLT); August 2015


photo (c) NTSB; Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC (CLT); August 2015


photo (c) Flightaware.com / Google; Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, NC (CLT/KCLT); 15 August 2015

Revision history:

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