Accident Lockheed C-130J-30 Super Hercules 04-3144, Sunday 19 May 2013
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Date:Sunday 19 May 2013
Time:14:20
Type:Silhouette image of generic C30J model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Lockheed C-130J-30 Super Hercules
Owner/operator:United States Air Force - USAF
Registration: 04-3144
MSN: 5560
Year of manufacture:2004
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 13
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial, written off
Category:Accident
Location:Forward Operating Base Shank (OAA) -   Afghanistan
Phase: Landing
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Kandahar Airport (KDH/OAKN)
Destination airport:Shank Forward Operating Base (OAA)
Investigating agency: USAF AIB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
A Lockheed C-130J Hercules transport plane sustained substantial damage in a hard landing accident at Forward Operating Base Shank in Logar province, Afghanistan. There were no injuries.
The C-130, assigned to the 41st Airlift Squadron, 19th Airlift Wing, was conducting a medical evacuation when the accident occurred.
The accident happened on the third of five planned legs that day to an airfield that was at 6,809 feet Mean Sea Level (MSL) and experiencing winds varying from 200 to 250 degrees gusting from 6 to 28 knots. On the second attempted landing, the aircraft touched down approximately 1,500 ft down the runway but was 27 knots indicated airspeed (KIAS) faster than computed touchdown landing speed leading to the aircraft going off the end of the runway at approximately 49 KIAS.
It struck a ditch which collapsed the nose gear and eventually ripped the right main landing gear from the fuselage. The right outboard engine struck the ground, pressurized fuel and oil lines were broken, fluid was sprayed over the cracked engine casing, and the right wing caught fire. The aircraft came to a full stop at approximately 544 feet off the end of the paved runway surface.

The Accident Investigation Board (AIB) president found, by clear and convincing evidence, that the causes of the accident were poor Crew Resource Management (CRM) and mishap pilot one's (MP1) late power reduction causing a 27 KIAS fast touchdown at a high altitude airfield (6,809 ft MSL). Additionally, the AIB President found by the preponderance of evidence that each of the following factors substantially contributed to the mishap: 1) Channelized Attention; 2) Risk Assessment; 3) Delayed Necessary Action; 4) Response Set; 5) Procedural Error.

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: USAF AIB
Report number: Executive summary report
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 5 months
Download report: Final report

Sources:

Stars and Stripes 20-5-2013
Damn, this Afghan Airstrip Practically Eats American Planes (Medium.com 12-6-2013)

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