Accident Boeing 737-230 PK-RIM, Monday 5 September 2005
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Date:Monday 5 September 2005
Type:Silhouette image of generic B732 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Boeing 737-230
Owner/operator:Mandala Airlines
Registration: PK-RIM
MSN: 22136/783
Year of manufacture:1981
Total airframe hrs:51599 hours
Cycles:51335 flights
Engine model:Pratt & Whitney JT8D-15
Fatalities:Fatalities: 100 / Occupants: 117
Other fatalities:49
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:Medan-Polonia Airport (MES) -   Indonesia
Phase: Initial climb
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Medan-Polonia Airport (MES/WIMM)
Destination airport:Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK/WIII)
Investigating agency: NTSC
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Mandala Airlines flight 091, a Boeing 737-200 was to depart Medan-Polonia Airport (MES) for Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK). The previous flight was from Jakarta and arrived at Medan uneventfully. The same crew have flight schedule on the same day and returned to Jakarta.
At 09:52 local time, MDL 091 asked for push back and start up clearance. After receiving the approval the air traffic controller the crew began starting the engines.
At 09:56, the controller cleared MDL 091 to taxi into position on runway 23 via taxiway Alpha. Six minutes later MDL 091 received clearance for take off with additional clearance from ATC to turn left heading 120° and maintain 1500 ft.
The airplane failed to become airborne and overran runway 23, impacting several approach lights. It traveled through a grass area and over a river, and impacted several buildings and vehicles before coming to rest on a road. A post crash fire destroyed much of the airplane.
One hundred passengers and crew members on board the plane died. Fifteen passengers seriously injured and two passengers (a mother and child) survived without any injuries. 49 persons on ground were killed and 26 people were seriously injured.
Medan-Polonia has a single 2900 x 45 meters asphalt runway (05/23).

The National Transportation Safety Committee determines that probable causes of this accident are:
- The aircraft took-off with improper take off configuration namely with retracted flaps and slats causing the aircraft failed to lift off.
- Improper checklist procedure execution had lead to failure to identify the flap in retract position.
- The aircraft’s take off warning horn was not heard on the CAM channel of the CVR. It is possible that the take-off configuration warning horn was not sounding.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSC
Report number: KNKT/05.24/09.01.38
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years and 3 months
Download report: Final report


Jakarta Post


  • 2nd worst accident in 2005
  • worst accident of this aircraft type
  • worst accident of this aircraft type at the time



photo (c); Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK/WIII); 01 December 2004; (CC:by-sa)

photo (c) via Werner Fischdick; Genève-Cointrin Airport (GVA); May 1994

Revision history:


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