Loss of control Accident Fairchild SA227-AC Metro III HK-4275X, Wednesday 5 May 2004
ASN logo

Date:Wednesday 5 May 2004
Type:Silhouette image of generic SW4 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Fairchild SA227-AC Metro III
Owner/operator:Aerotransporte Petrolero
Registration: HK-4275X
MSN: AC-676
Year of manufacture:1987
Total airframe hrs:19335 hours
Engine model:Garrett TPE331-11U-612
Fatalities:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 7
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:Carepa-Antonio Roldán Betancourt Airport (SKLC) -   Colombia
Phase: Approach
Departure airport:Bogotá-Eldorado Airport (BOG/SKBO)
Destination airport:Carepa-Antonio Roldán Betancourt Airport (SKLC)
Investigating agency: Aerocivil
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
The Metro III airplane took off from Bogotá-Eldorado Airport (BOG) on a passenger flight to Carepa. During the descent the first officer was Pilot Flying.
During the approach the captain took over control. During the approach the airplane was operated by the crew with a lack of discipline and poor CRM.
The ground proximity alarm activated seven times during the approach, but the crew did not make any correcting maneuvers. They descended below obstacle clearance height. At a height of 200 feet on finals one of the engines indicated a failure. The pilot did not fly the plane within the parameters required to operate with one engine inoperative. The stick-pusher alarm activated, warning the pilot of an impending stall. The pilot made no attempt to avoid the stall. With undercarriage down and full flaps the airplane stalled and impacted with terrain approximately 300 feet short of runway 33.

CAUSAS PROBABLES: El juicio equivocado de la distancia, la velocidad, la altitud y el margen de franqueamiento de obstáculos en la aproximación final, intentando la operación más allá ele la experiencia y nivel de competencia requerida en el equipo.
El encontrar circunstancias imprevistas superiores a la capacidad de la tripulación, desviando la atención en la operación de la aeronave.
- La falta de seguimiento de procedimientos, directivas e instrucciones aprobados.
- La ausencia de procedimientos de CRN1 y baja conciencia situacional.
- La falta de acción evasiva cuando se presentó la alarma del sistema de advertencia de proximidad del terreno.
- La perdida de potencia súbita en alguno de los motores.
- La utilización equivocada de los mundos principales de vuelo para mantener el control direccional.
- La activacion del sistema de aumento de la estabilidad (SAS) sobre la columna el e control, desplazándola hacia delante estando el avión a baja altura.

Probable cause: The wrong judgement of distance, speed, altitude and the obstacle clearance during the final approach, attempting the operation beyond the experience and the high level of competence required by the crew.
Encountering unforeseen circumstances exceeded the capacity of the crew, diverting attention on the operation of the aircraft.
Contributing causes:
- Lack of approved procedures, directives and instructions.
- The absence of CRM procedures and low situational awareness.
- The lack of evasive action when the ground proximity warning system's alarm sounded.
- The sudden loss of power in one of the engines.
- The wrong use of the worlds major flight to maintain directional control.
- The activation of the Stall Avoidance System (SAS) on the control column, moving it forward when the plane was at low altitude.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: Aerocivil
Report number: COL-04-13-GIA
Status: Investigation completed
Download report: Final report


Aeronautica Civil de Colombia



photo (c) Elliot Greenman, via Werner Fischdick; Pittsburgh International Airport, PA (PIT); May 1992

photo (c) Tom Vance; Monterey Airport, CA (MRY/KMRY); June 1988

Revision history:


The Aviation Safety Network is an exclusive service provided by:
Quick Links:

CONNECT WITH US: FSF on social media FSF Facebook FSF Twitter FSF Youtube FSF LinkedIn FSF Instagram

©2024 Flight Safety Foundation

1920 Ballenger Av, 4th Fl.
Alexandria, Virginia 22314