Accident Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-FAGA, Saturday 17 January 2004
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Date:Saturday 17 January 2004
Time:16:38
Type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Owner/operator:Georgian Express
Registration: C-FAGA
MSN: 208B0658
Year of manufacture:1998
Total airframe hrs:7809 hours
Engine model:Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Fatalities:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Category:Accident
Location:3 km NW off Pelee Island, ON -   Canada
Phase: En route
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Pelee Island, ON (CYPT)
Destination airport:Windsor Airport, ON (YQG/CYQG)
Investigating agency: TSB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
At 15:23 Cessna Caravan C-FAGA was fueled at Windsor Airport, ON (YQG) in preparation for flight GGN125 to Pelee Island, ON. At 15:55, the aircraft was de-iced and departed ten minutes later. The aircraft landed at 16:20. While on the ramp, two individuals voiced concern to the pilot that there was ice on the wing. Freezing precipitation was falling. The pilot was observed to visually check the leading edge of the wing; however, he did not voice any concern and proceeded with loading the passengers and cargo. At approximately 16:38, flight GGN126 departed Pelee Island for Windsor. After using most of the runway length for takeoff, the aircraft climbed out at a very shallow angle. The pilot raised the flaps while over Lake Erie. The Caravan then entered an aerodynamic stall. Because the plane was rolling into a climbing right turn, the left wing stalled first. The nose dropped and the airplane rolled to the left. The airplane was too low for recovery and struck the ice.
It was determined that the aircraft was overweight by 1270 pounds (576 kg) when it departed Pelee Island. The maximum takeoff weight for this flight was 8550 pounds (3878 kg).

FINDINGS AS TO CAUSES AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:
1. At take-off, the weight of the aircraft exceeded the maximum allowable gross take-off weight by at least 15 per cent, and the aircraft was contaminated with ice. Therefore, the aircraft was being flown significantly outside the limitations under which it was certified for safe flight.

2. The aircraft stalled, most likely when the flaps were retracted, at an altitude or under flight conditions that precluded recovery before it struck the ice surface of the lake.

3. On this flight, the pilot's lack of appreciation for the known hazards associated with the overweight condition of the aircraft, ice contamination, and the weather conditions was inconsistent with his previous practices. His decision to take off was likely adversely affected by some combination of stress and fatigue.

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: TSB
Report number: A04H0001
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Download report: Final report

Sources:

SKYbrary 
TSB
Transport Canada

Statistics

  • 18th worst accident in 2004
  • 10th worst accident of this aircraft type
  • 4th worst accident of this aircraft type at the time

Location

Revision history:

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