Accident Dornier 228-212 9M-MIA, Saturday 6 September 1997
ASN logo
This information is added by users of ASN. Neither ASN nor the Flight Safety Foundation are responsible for the completeness or correctness of this information. If you feel this information is incomplete or incorrect, you can submit corrected information.

Date:Saturday 6 September 1997
Type:Silhouette image of generic D228 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Dornier 228-212
Owner/operator:Royal Brunei Airlines, lsf Merpati Intan
Registration: 9M-MIA
MSN: 8217
Year of manufacture:1997
Fatalities:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:13,7 km S of Miri Airport (MYY) -   Malaysia
Phase: Approach
Nature:Passenger - Non-Scheduled/charter/Air Taxi
Departure airport:Bandar Seri Begawan-Brunei International Airport (BWN/WBSB)
Destination airport:Miri Airport (MYY/WBGR)
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Flight BI839 (Labuan - Bandar Seri Begawan - Miri) took off from Bandar Seri Begawan at 19:03. The crew contacted Miri requesting clearance to land. The controller cleared the flight for the final approach to runway 02, but no reply was received. The Dornier struck treetops and slammed into the slope midway up Lambir Hill (at 500 m) The wreckage was found 07:10 the next morning.
The brand new airplane was owned by Merpati Intan of Malaysia, but operated on behalf of Royal Brunei Airlines.
At the time of the accident Merpati Intan was in the process of obtaining an Air Operating Permit (AOP). They had arranged Hornbill Skyways to be allowing the flights to be conducted on their AOP.

Causal Factors:
1. Commander's and the First Officer's decision to execute a visual approach when the reported ceiling was below the approved initial approach level stated in the Terminal Approach Chart;
2. Commander's and the First Officer's inability to navigate visually in IMC after they had declared visual with the airfield;

Contributory factors to the causes of the accident:
1. The Air Traffic Controller's decision to clear the aircraft to execute a visual approach when the reported ceiling was below the approved initial approach level in the Terminal Approach Chart; and
Whereas the investigator has observed that:
1. Hornbill Skyway's operational control was insufficient to ensure a pilot that was not his employee and that he had the necessary qualifications to conduct the charter.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: 
Report number: 
Status: Investigation completed
Download report: Final report


ICAO Adrep 2/01
Sarawak Tribune Online


  • 34th worst accident in 1997
  • 10th worst accident of this aircraft type
  • 4th worst accident of this aircraft type at the time


Revision history:

15-Jan-2024 09:46 harro Updated [Other fatalities, Nature, Damage, Narrative, Accident report, ]
28-Feb-2024 15:36 ASN Updated [Operator, Narrative, ]

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description

The Aviation Safety Network is an exclusive service provided by:
Quick Links:

CONNECT WITH US: FSF on social media FSF Facebook FSF Twitter FSF Youtube FSF LinkedIn FSF Instagram

©2024 Flight Safety Foundation

1920 Ballenger Av, 4th Fl.
Alexandria, Virginia 22314