Accident Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 1 N714DA, Thursday 13 November 1986
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Date:Thursday 13 November 1986
Type:Silhouette image of generic L101 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 1
Owner/operator:Delta Air Lines
Registration: N714DA
MSN: 1090
Year of manufacture:1974
Engine model:Rolls-Royce RB-211-22B
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 137
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial, repaired
Location:Newark International Airport, NJ (EWR) -   United States of America
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL)
Destination airport:Newark International Airport, NJ (EWR/KEWR)
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
The rear main spar of the right wing failed as Delta flight 194 touched down on runway 29 at Newark Airport. The pilots stated that there was moderate turbulence on final approach and initial touchdown was on the right main gear first. The touchdown was firm but not hard which was confirmed from the 1.4g recorded on the DFDR. The 1.4g force is well within the landing gear certification limits.
The spar web failure was caused by a fatigue crack that originated at a 'hi-loc' fastener hole located at the lower inboard corner of a doubler that surrounds the fuel filler valve which is mounted vertically on the spar web. The fatigue zone in the spar web had progressed about 6 3/4 inches before the web failed as the airplane touched down. The fracture in the spar web extended diagonally downward and outboard at 45 degrees from inboard wing station 241.0 to inboard station 293.5. The flight crew did not report any airplane malfunction during the flight.

acft/equip,inadequate design..manufacturer




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