Accident Tupolev Tu-134A YU-AHZ, Sunday 23 May 1971
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Date:Sunday 23 May 1971
Time:20:00
Type:Silhouette image of generic T134 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Tupolev Tu-134A
Owner/operator:Aviogenex
Registration: YU-AHZ
MSN: 1351205
Year of manufacture:1971
Total airframe hrs:111 hours
Cycles:47 flights
Engine model:Soloviev D-30-II
Fatalities:Fatalities: 78 / Occupants: 83
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Category:Accident
Location:Rijeka Airport (RJK) -   Croatia
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Non-Scheduled/charter/Air Taxi
Departure airport:London-Gatwick Airport (LGW/EGKK)
Destination airport:Rijeka Airport (RJK/LDRI)
Investigating agency: DGAC Yugoslavia
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
Aviogenex flight 130, a Tupolev Tu-134, crashed following a heavy landing at Rijeka Airport (RJK), Croatia (then: Yugoslavia).
Just five of the 83 occupants survived the crash.

The aircraft, operating on a charter flight from London-Gatwick Airport (LGW), approached Rijeka in poor weather with heavy cumulo-nimbus, heavy rainfall and severe turbulence about 4 km from the runway threshold. As the aircraft passed through the area, it was carried upwards and rolled to the right. The aircraft was now above the ILS glide path. Some 800 m short of the runway, at a height of 60 m the crew decided to continue the approach. Power was reduced and the angle of descent increased to 10 degrees. The aircraft struck the runway with the right main gear at an airspeed of 260 km/h with 4g deceleration force. The right wing detached and the plane rolled on its back. The remaining stub of wing folded to block the overwing emergency exit. The aircraft slid for 700 m and caught fire.

PROBABLE CAUSE:
It is considered that the probable main cause of the accident of the TU-134A aircraft, registration marks YU-AHZ, which occured on the 23rd May, 1971, at "Rijeka" airport was a heavy landing on the right leg of the main landing gear, emphasised by an irregular position of the wheels and 0.7% slope up of the runway at the point of touchdown.
The Commission consider that the described deviation from the flight tehnique in itself, did not cause the crash of the aircraft, but that loading which resulted from the conditions under which the landing was performed made a greater contribution to the crash.
However, non-adequate handling of controls of the aircraft and engines could be explained only by false perceptions (illusions) of the crew concerning the aircraft position in respect to the runway.
The last minute of the flight was analysed on the basis of:
- flight recorder oscillogram
- results obtained during the investigation on the flight on board of the same type of aircraft.
- study of aerodynamic characteristics and stability of TU-134A - analysis of meteorological situation
- analysis of crew members' statement
According to the opinion of the Commission this was an exceptional and complex case of many unfavourable circumstances which resulted in this catastrophy.

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: DGAC Yugoslavia
Report number: Final report
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 6 months
Download report: Final report

Sources:

Soviet Transports
'Heavy landing caused Rijeka accident', Flight International 31.01.1974 (135)

Statistics

  • 5th worst accident in 1971
  • 6th worst accident of this aircraft type
  • worst accident of this aircraft type at the time

Location

Images:


photo (c) Hans Nieuwenhof; Rijeka Airport (RJK); 1971


photo (c) Hans Nieuwenhof; Rijeka Airport (RJK); 1971

Revision history:

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