Accident Boeing 727-22 N7030U, Thursday 11 November 1965
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Date:Thursday 11 November 1965
Time:17:52
Type:Silhouette image of generic B721 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Boeing 727-22
Owner/operator:United Airlines
Registration: N7030U
MSN: 18322/130
Year of manufacture:1965
Total airframe hrs:1781 hours
Engine model:Pratt & Whitney JT8D-1
Fatalities:Fatalities: 43 / Occupants: 91
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Category:Accident
Location:Salt Lake City International Airport, UT (SLC) -   United States of America
Phase: Approach
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Denver-Stapleton International Airport, CO (DEN/KDEN)
Destination airport:Salt Lake City International Airport, UT (SLC/KSLC)
Investigating agency: CAB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
Flight 227 took off from New York-LaGuardia (LGA) for a flight to San Francisco (SFO) via Cleveland (CLE), Chicago (MDW), Denver (DEN) and Salt Lake City (SLC). The aircraft took off from Denver at 16:54 and climbed to its assigned cruising altitude of FL310. At 17:38 flight 227 began its descent for Salt Lake City. The flight proceeded in accordance with radar vectors. After a radar handoff to Salt Lake City Approach Control new clearance altitudes were given. At 17:47 the approach controller advised, "United seventy twenty seven ... five miles south of Riverton Fan Marker coming on localizer course cleared for ILS runway three four left approach." The pilot replied "Okay we're slowed to two fifty (Knots) and we're at ten (10,000 feet) we have the runway in sight now, we'll cancel and standby with you for traffic." Control of the flight was transferred to the tower and at 17:49:40 landing clearance was issued.
The aircraft crossed the outer marker over 2,000 feet above the ILS glide slope. The rate of descent during the final approach exceeded 2,000 ft/min, approximately three times the United Air Lines recommended rate of descent for landing approaches. The first officer attempted to apply power but the captain stopped him. Power was then applied too late to arrest the rate of descent. The airplane touched down 335 feet short of the threshold of runway 34L. The right and left main landing gear began to separate and the airplane slid onto the runway. Severe upward and rearward impact forces from the right main Landing gear assembly produced a large impact hole and ruptured fuel lines and the no. 3 generator leads between fuselage station 1030 and 1130 on the right side. The fuel was ignited by sparks from the fuselage scraping on the runway and/or the severed generator leads.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The failure of the captain to take timely action to arrest an excessive descent rate during the landing approach."

Accident investigation:
  
Investigating agency: CAB
Report number: DCA66A0004
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 7 months
Download report: Final report

Sources:

CAB Accident Report 1-0032
ICAO Circular 88-AN/74 Volume III (109-122)

Statistics

  • 13th worst accident in 1965
  • 15th worst accident of this aircraft type
  • 2nd worst accident of this aircraft type at the time

Location

Images:


photo (c) FAA; Salt Lake City International Airport, UT (SLC); 11 November 1965


photo (c) FAA; Salt Lake City International Airport, UT (SLC); 11 November 1965


photo (c) FAA; Salt Lake City International Airport, UT (SLC); 11 November 1965


photo (c) Clint Groves; Kansas City International Airport, MO (MCI/KMCI); 09 July 1965

Revision history:

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