Accident Boeing 707-441 PP-VJB, Tuesday 27 November 1962
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Date:Tuesday 27 November 1962
Time:03:37
Type:Silhouette image of generic B704 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Boeing 707-441
Owner/operator:Varig
Registration: PP-VJB
MSN: 17906/129
Year of manufacture:1960
Engine model:Rolls-Royce Conway 508
Fatalities:Fatalities: 97 / Occupants: 97
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Category:Accident
Location:ca 25 km SE of Lima-Callao International Airport (LIM) -   Peru
Phase: Approach
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, RJ (GIG/SBGL)
Destination airport:Lima-Callao International Airport (LIM/SPIM)
Investigating agency: CENIPA
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
A Boeing 707-441 passenger jet, operated by Varig, was destroyed when it crashed into the side of La Cruz Peak, near Lima, Peru. All 80 passengers and 17 crew members were killed.
Varig flight 810 departed Rio de Janeiro-Galeão at 01:53 hours local time on a scheduled flight to Los Angeles (LAX) with en route stops at Lima (LIM), Peru , Bogotá (BOG), Colombia, Panama City (PTY), Panama and Mexico City (MEX), Mexico.
At 03:09 local time at Lima, the flight reported to Air Traffic Control, Lima, at 36 000 feet, estimating Pisco at 03:13 and Lima-Callao Airport at 03:36 and requested permission to descend. Lima ATC advised of a DC-6, which had departed Lima at 02:35 and was also estimating Pisco at 03:13 when it would be cruising at 13500 feet. After passing Pisco at 03:13, the crew started their descent. At 03:19 hours flight 810 reached 26000 feet. Authorization was granted to continue descending for a straight-in approach to runway 33. At 03:24 it reported to Approach Control ten minutes from the station, at 15 000 feet, still in descent. By 03:30 hours it had reached 12000 feet over Las Palmas. As it was too high for a straight-in approach to runway 33, Approach Control suggested that it make a 360-degree turn over Las Palmas and report again overhead Las Palmas. The aircraft continued descending. It turned slightly right of its 330 degree heading, passing east of Lima Airport, then made a left turn and passed over Lima-Callao Airport. It continued turning until it was headed south, passing west of Las Palmas in order to initiate the outbound procedure from the ILS back course, and then made a 180 degree turn to intercept the ILS back course (327 degrees). However, it kept to the normal intercept course for almost three minutes before starting its turn to the north. Its heading was 333 degrees when it hit La Cruz Peak, about 8 miles east of the approach track of the Morro Solar ILS back course.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "A deviation, for reasons unknown, from the track prescribed for the instrument approach along the ILS back course of Lima-Callao Airport."

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: CENIPA
Report number: final report
Status: Investigation completed
Duration:
Download report: Final report

Sources:

ICAO Accident Digest No.14 Volume II, Circular 71-AN/63 (140-144)

Statistics

  • 5th worst accident in 1962
  • 3rd worst accident of this aircraft type
  • worst accident of this aircraft type at the time

Location

Images:


photo (c) Mel Lawrence; Rio de Janeiro-Galeao International Airport, RJ (GIG); March 1962


photo (c) Rubens Martins Borges Filho; New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY (IDL/KIDL); 10 February 1960

Revision history:

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