Accident Sonaca 201 F-HMRZ, Tuesday 28 February 2023
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Date:Tuesday 28 February 2023
Type:Silhouette image of generic SLG2 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Sonaca 201
Owner/operator:Mermoz Academy
Registration: F-HMRZ
MSN: 057
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial, repaired
Location:Tours Val de Loire Airport (TUF/LFOT) -   France
Phase: Landing
Departure airport:Tours Val de Loire Airport (TUF/LFOT)
Destination airport:Tours Val de Loire Airport (TUF/LFOT)
Investigating agency: BEA
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
The Sonaca 201's nose landing gear collapsed during a bounced landing.

On short final, a gust of wind destabilised the aircraft's trajectory. The student pilot corrected the gust by returning the aircraft to the runway centreline. However, the trajectory passed below the glide path. The flare led to an initial bounce on the runway. It is likely that actions similar to those described in the Mermoz Academy operations manual caused a second bounce with a higher load factor. The final contact with the runway took place with a flat or slightly negative attitude.

Contributing factors:
The following factors may have contributed to the bounced landing and the failure of the nose landing gear:
- a lack of go-around when the trajectory was destabilised at low altitude, which can be explained by the student pilot's lack of experience;
- management of the flare made tricky due to destabilisation at low level by a gust.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: BEA
Report number: BEA2023-0060
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year
Download report: Final report


Revision history:

28-Feb-2024 08:44 ASN Updated [Time, Operator, Narrative, Accident report]
28-Feb-2024 08:44 ASN Updated
05-Apr-2024 11:30 ASN Updated [Accident report]

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