Accident Boeing 727-221F 5N-BJN, Saturday 2 June 2012
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Date:Saturday 2 June 2012
Type:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Boeing 727-221F
Owner/operator:Allied Air
Registration: 5N-BJN
MSN: 22540/1796
Year of manufacture:1982
Total airframe hrs:40251 hours
Cycles:25380 flights
Engine model:Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17A (HK3)
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Other fatalities:10
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:Accra-Kotoka Airport (ACC) -   Ghana
Phase: Landing
Departure airport:Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS/DNMM)
Destination airport:Accra-Kotoka Airport (ACC/DGAA)
Investigating agency: AIB Ghana
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Allied Air Flight 111, a Boeing 727-221 Cargo aircraft, departed Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Nigeria at 18:28 hours local time. Destination was Abidjan, Ivory Coast, with a stop at Accra-Kotoka International Airport.
On the descent into Accra, the aircraft was cleared by Accra Approach initially to FL050 and later cleared to 2000ft. It was again instructed to climb to 3000ft due to high ground. On arrival at Accra, the captain flew an Instrument Landing System (ILS) coupled approach, until he saw the runway. He then disconnected the autopilot at 500ft and manually flew the aircraft. After disconnecting the auto-pilot, he came into heavy IMC conditions in rain. The aircraft experienced an unstable approach at a high speed of 167kts and landed with a wind of 050/15kts at an airspeed of 154kts and about 5807ft from the threshold of runway 21 and 4000ft from the threshold of the runway 03 in nil visibility. The crew deployed thrust reversers and applied the normal brakes as well as the emergency pneumatic brakes but these actions were ineffective to stop the aircraft. Normally deploying the thrust reversers or applying the brakes would bring the nose wheel down. However, the nose gear was kept up. The speed brakes were not deployed. The crew reported seeing red lights rushing towards them soon after the main wheels touched the ground for the landing run.
The aircraft overran the runway and destroyed the threshold lights and the approach lights on runway 03. It knocked out the ILS Localizer transmitter structure and mounts, broke through the airport perimeter wall. The aircraft crossed Giffard Road, collided with a Mercedes-Benz TN 207 minivan killing all ten persons on board. It uprooted a tree by the road side before finally coming to a stop at an open space near El-Wak Sport Stadium.
The right side of a taxi cab on the road was grazed by flying debris from the localizer transmitter structures carried along by the right wing of the aircraft. The leading edge of the wing was extensively damaged.
The aircraft came to a rest outside the airport perimeter wall 1171ft (350m) from the threshold of runway 03.

The probable causes of the accident were:
The decision of the Captain to continue with the landing instead of aborting at the missed approach point especially when he could hardly see through the windshield and when he did not know how far he had gone down the runway because of the rain and the tail wind components.

Contributory factors:
a. the Captain disconnected the auto-pilot and flew the aircraft manually in an unstable approach.
b. the Captain landed the aircraft at 4000ft to the threshold of Runway 03, 6060ft from Runway 21. He could not stop within the available distance.
c. the Captain chose to land with a tailwind of 050/15Kts in excess of maximum allowable tailwind of 10Kts.
d. the crew concentrated on tracking the Localizer rather than watching for threshold and runway edge lights. They suffered from fixation.
e. the Captain did not deploy speed brakes on landing.


18:00 UTC / 18:00 local time:
DGAA 021800Z 17005KT 9999 FEW016 SCT031 FEW030CB 27/24 Q1013 TEMPO 5000 -TSRA BKN010
Wind 170 degrees at 5 knots; Visibility 10+ km; few clouds at 1600 feet AGL; scattered clouds at 3100 feet AGL; few cumulonimbus clouds at 3000 feet AGL; Temperature 27°C, Dew point 24°C; pressure 1013 mb; temporary: visibility 5000 m during thunderstorm and rain with broken clouds at 1000 feet AGL

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AIB Ghana
Report number: final report
Status: Investigation completed
Download report: Final report




  • 23rd worst accident in 2012
  • 27th worst accident of this aircraft type
  • 27th worst accident of this aircraft type at the time



photo (c) PapJeff; Accra-Kotoka Airport (ACC/DGAA); 03 June 2012; (CC:by-nc-sa)

photo (c) Clive Hindmarch; Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS/DNMM); 06 February 2012

Revision history:


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