Accident Convair CV-580 LN-PAA, Friday 8 September 1989
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Date:Friday 8 September 1989
Time:16:38
Type:Silhouette image of generic CVLT model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Convair CV-580
Owner/operator:Partnair
Registration: LN-PAA
MSN: 56
Year of manufacture:1953
Total airframe hrs:36943 hours
Cycles:15116 flights
Engine model:Allison 501-D13D
Fatalities:Fatalities: 55 / Occupants: 55
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Category:Accident
Location:18 km N off Hirtshals [Skagerrak] -   Denmark
Phase: En route
Nature:Passenger - Non-Scheduled/charter/Air Taxi
Departure airport:Oslo-Fornebu Airport (FBU/ENFB)
Destination airport:Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport (HAM/EDDH)
Investigating agency: HSL Norway
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
Convair CV-580 LN-PAA was on a charter flight from Oslo-Fornebu (FBU) to Hamburg (HAM). The flight was due to depart at 15:00 hrs. The departure was delayed by almost an hour due to the CAA Norway and the catering company having suspended Partnair´s credit. Once the financial problem was settled the crew was given permission to depart.
During the period September 6-8, 1989 LN-PAA experienced some technical problems with the left AC power system. The AC generator was replaced, but the malfunction in the system remained. On the flight to Hamburg it was decided to use the APU generator as the electrical power source for the left AC system.
LN-PAA took off at 15:59:50. The flight proceeded normally to the planned cruise level, which was FL220. At 16:04 Flight 394 was cleared direct to AAL VOR/DME (Aalborg). When the aircraft climbed through FL180 at 16:16, the crew was informed by Oslo ACC about strong westerly winds at altitude. The air traffic controller suggested a 101 heading change to the right. At 16:22 Flight 394 was informed that the radar service from Oslo ACC terminated and that the flight would enter Danish-controlled air space in 2 minutes. The flight was then requested to contact Copenhagen ACC. The airplane reached its cruising level at 16:23. Half a minute later the crew established contact with Copenhagen ACC and informed them that PAR 394 was maintaining FL220, whereupon Copenhagen ACC confirmed that they had radar contact. This was the last radio contact with the flight. The flight proceeded normally until about 16:38.
Vibrations occurred in the vertical stabilizer. These vibrations developed into violent oscillations or flutter of the horizontal tail surfaces and rudder. Vital parts of the tail section then failed and the crew lost control of the airplane. Both wings failed simultaneously under negative G loads. The Convair fell into the sea.

CAUSES: "The accident was caused by loss of control due to the destruction of primary control surfaces in the tail section, which, in turn, was caused by aeroelastic oscillations initiated by abnormal clearances in the vertical stabiliser attachments to the fuselage structure.
The condition of the attachments was a result of excessive wear in pins and sleeves used in this structural joint. The pins and sleeves were of an inferior quality and did not satisfy specified values for hardness and tensile strength. They had also been installed and inspected using sub-standard maintenance procedures. Undamped oscillations in the elevator contributed to the structural failure of the empennage."

Accident investigation:
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Investigating agency: HSL Norway
Report number: HAV 02/93
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years and 5 months
Download report: Final report

Sources:

Aviation Week & Space Technology 29.03.1993 (32-33)
Flight International 31 March-6 April 1993 (13)
ICAO Adrep Summary 5/89 (#23)

Statistics

  • 11th worst accident in 1989
  • worst accident of this aircraft type
  • worst accident of this aircraft type at the time

Location

Images:


photo (c) Airview


photo (c) via Werner Fischdick; Milano-Malpensa Airport (MXP); May 1988


photo (c) Pavel Bencik; Bratislava-Ivanka Airport (BTS/LZIB); 04 October 1988

Revision history:

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